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Niagara Movement

The Niagara Movement, was founded in 1905, by a group of African-Americans, led by W. E. B. Du Bois, John Hope, and William Monroe Trotter, who called for full civil liberties, an end to racial discrimination, and recognition of human brotherhood. Their first meeting took place at Niagara Falls from July 11 until 14, 1905. The movement renounced Booker T. Washington's accommodation policies set forth in his "Atlanta Compromise" speech which he delivered in 1895. Their second meeting was held at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, the site of John Brown's raid. The group came to an end after Du Bois started supporting the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.