National Academy of Sciences
The National Academy of Sciences
(NAS) is a United States
government established corporation supporting scientific research. Its official journal is the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
. As its name suggests, it is the national academy
recognised by corresponding bodies in other countries for negotiations over research collaboration.
- private, non-profit, self-perpetuating "society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare"
- has a mandate that requires it to advise the US government on scientific and technical matters
- charter granted by Congress in 1863
- membership is approximately 1,900 members and 300 foreign associates -- more than 170 have won Nobel Prizes
- election to academy is in recognition of achievements in original research -- considered one of the highest honors that can be accorded a scientist or engineer
The umbrella group of United States National Academies
, in addition to the National Academy of Sciences, also includes
The Academy presents a number of different awards