Mount AraratMount Ararat
("Ağrı" in Turkish
, "Արարատ" in Armenian
, "آرارات" in Farsi
, "אררט" in Hebrew
), the tallest (16,940 feet, 5,166 m) peak in modern Turkey
, is a snow-capped dormant volcanic cone
, located in the far northeast of Turkey, 16 km west of Iran
and 32 km south of Armenia
. A widespread traditional misconception has it that the Book of Genesis
identifies this mountain as the resting place of Noah's Ark after the "great flood" described there.
A smaller (3896 m) cone, Little Mount Ararat, rises just southeast of the main peak. The lava plateau stretches out between the two pinnacles. Technically, Ararat is a stratovolcano, formed of lava flows and pyroclastic ejecta.
Vessel-shaped features interpreted in aerial photographs of Ararat caused a stir in the late 1950s (see pseudoarchaeology), though expeditions found the features to be landslides and lava flows.