is was the first style of African-American
music to have major commercial success in the white mass market. Distinctive characteristics are the use of tambourine
along with a drum kit
, Rhythm and Blues
instrumentation, and a 'call and response' singing style originating in Gospel
It was popularized by Motown Records of Detroit, Michigan in the 1960s. The many artists of Motown Records collaborated to produce several hit songs.
From 1959 to 1971, many of these acts were backed by Motown Records' major studio band, The Funk Brothers which was credited for being instrumental in creating the essential sound of Motown. The band's career and work is chronicled in the acclaimed documentary, Standing In The Shadows Of Motown.
See also: Berry Gordy
List of record labels
Motown Records -- " class="external">http://www.motown.com/
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