Mo ZiMo Zi
(Popular name zh
墨子, pinyin Mo4 Zi5
Mo-Tze, also known as Mocius
in the west. His real name was zh
墨翟, pinyin Mo4 Di2
.) (470 BC
- 391 BC
) lived in China
during the Hundred Schools of Thought
of the Spring and Autumn Period
and the Warring States Period
. He founded the school of Mohism
, and advocated universal love
Mo Zi idealised the Xia Dynasty, and advocated judging ideas and objects through the human senses, by their utility and their antiquity. Mo Zi denounced offensive warfare, extravagant funerals and music. He favoured frugality, and advocated increasing the power of the state through early marriage and a system of rewards and punishments. Mo Zi held a belief in the power of ghosts and spirits.
is also the name of the philosophical text compiled by mohists from Mo Zi's thought.