Minnesota Experimental City
The Minnesota Experimental City (MXC)
was a proposed planned community
to be located in northern Minnesota
to be constructed as a public private partnership in the 1960s
. In contrast with many of the model cities of the time, the MXC was to be experimental, trying new things rather than proposing to select from the best of the existing practice.
It was designed for 250,000 people over 60,000 acres. In the plan, only 1/6 of the area would be paved, the remainder would be open space: parks, wilderness, and farms. The plan called for the MXC to be partially enclosed by a geodesic dome. It would contain a branch of the University of Minnesota and 3M Corporation.
Among other proposed features were:
- a car-free zone, cars were to be parked on the edge with a people-mover connecting them to the center. An automated highway system would connect the town with the outside world.
- no automobiles were allowed (they were parked outside in an area reached by an automated highway).
- no schools. The city itself would foster lifelong learning, with everyone both a student and teacher.
- waterless toilets
- Vivrett, Walter K. (1971) Planning For People: Minnesota Experimental City, New Community Development Vol. 1: Planning, Process, Implementation, and Emerging Social Concerns, Shirley Weiss (Ed.). Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1971.