is the indigenous language
of the Métis
people of Canada
. Michif (also spelled Mechif), or Michif-Cree as it is sometimes called, emerged over two hundred years ago as a mixed language language, combining Cree
, with some additional borrowing from English
and First Nation languages such as Ojibway
and Assiniboine. In general, Michif nouns (and their associated grammar) are French, while verbs (and their associated grammar) are Cree.
Once widely spoken, the language is on the verge of extinction, with only about 1,000 native speakers left.