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4 Cities and towns
History\nMadison County was created in 1827. It was named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, who served from 1809 to 1817.
Geography\nAccording to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,854 km² (716 mi²). 1,792 km² (692 mi²) of it is land and 62 km² (24 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 3.35% water.
Demographics\nAs of the census2 of 2000, there are 18,733 people, 6,629 households, and 4,680 families residing in the county. The population density is 10/km² (27/mi²). There are 7,836 housing units at an average density of 4/km² (11/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 57.49% White, 40.30% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 3.20% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 6,629 households out of which 31.90% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.90% are married couples living together, 17.50% have a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% are non-families. 25.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.57 and the average family size is 3.06.
In the county the population is spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 106.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $26,533, and the median income for a family is $31,753. Males have a median income of $25,255 versus $19,607 for females. The per capita income for the county is $12,511. 23.10% of the population and 18.90% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 30.10% are under the age of 18 and 22.50% are 65 or older.
Cities and towns\n*Greenville\n*Lee\n*Madison