Lu Xun (鲁迅, pinyin: Lǔ Xùn) or Lu Hsün (1881-1936), is often considered the founder of modern baihua (vernacular) Chinese literature.
Born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, Lu was born Zhōu Shùrén (周樹人). As a left-wing writer, Lu played an important role in the history of Chinese literature. His books greatly influenced many Chinese youths. He was a lecturer in the Peking University, after returning from Japan in 1909.
In May 1918, he published the first baihua short story ever, A Madman's Diary (狂人日記, Kuangren Riji). In it, he heavily criticized many old Chinese traditions and family rules. Another of his well-known longer stories, A True Story of Ah Q (阿Ｑ正傳 Ah Q Zhengzhuan), was published in the 1920s. Both these works were included in his short story collection Na Han (呐喊, Nahan, "Call to Arms", 1923). His other important works include: