On March 26, 1872 a very large earthquake destroyed most of the town and killed 27 of its 250-300 residents (see 1872 Lone Pine earthquake).
Lone Pine is located at 36°35'11" North, 118°4'14" West (36.586402, -118.070668)1.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.5 km² (18.7 mi²). 48.2 km² (18.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.59% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 1,655 people, 709 households, and 448 families residing in the town. The population density is 34.3/km² (88.9/mi²). There are 867 housing units at an average density of 18.0/km² (46.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 83.20% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 2.72% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, and 4.89% from two or more races. 26.83% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 709 households out of which 29.6% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% are married couples living together, 10.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% are non-families. 32.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.29 and the average family size is 2.88.
In the town the population is spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 43 years. For every 100 females there are 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $29,079, and the median income for a family is $35,800. Males have a median income of $30,813 versus $22,778 for females. The per capita income for the town is $16,262. 20.6% of the population and 16.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 30.9% are under the age of 18 and 9.3% are 65 or older.