In the United Kingdom
the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990
requires the government to create lists of buildings that are to be specially protected as part of the national heritage. Buildings on these lists are referred to as listed buildings
There are three types of listed status (in descending order of 'importance' and difficulty to obtain planning permission):
- Grade I
- Grade II*
- Grade II
According to the Department for Culture, Media & Sport
, which oversees listed building applications and enforcement, there are, as of May 2003, approximately 442,000 listings in place, of which 418,000 (94.5%) are Grade II, 18,000 (4.1%) are Grade II*, and 6,000 (1.4%) are Grade I. There are estimated to be about 500,000 actual buildings listed, as listing entries can apply to more than one building.
Famous listed buildings
- BT Tower
- and scads more famous buildings
- In 2002 there were 80 seaside piers in England that were listed.