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Area:1,035 km²
Inhabitants:91,940 (2002)
pop. density:89 inh./km²
Car identification:KYF

The Kyffhäuserkreis is a Kreis (district) in the north of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the northeast clockwise) the districts Sangerhausen, Merseburg-Querfurt and Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, and the districts Sömmerda, Unstrut-Hainich and Eichsfeld.

Table of contents
1 History
2 Partnerships
3 Geography
4 Coat of arms
5 Towns and municipalities
6 External links


In the 12th century there was a castle on the Kyffhäuser mountains, which was built during the regency of emperor Barbarossa. According to the local legend, the emperor Barbarossa did not die, but instead went to sleep in this castle.

From 1579 on the region belonged to Saxony, and after 1815 it became a part of Prussia (until 1945).

In 1952 the two districts of Artern and Sondershausen were established. These districts were merged in 1994, with only a few municipalities joining other districts.


The district has a partnership with the district Ahrweiler in Rhineland-Palatinate, which was actually established with the district Artern in 1990.


The district is named after the Kyffhäuser mountains. The main river is the Unstrut, which flows through the east of the district.

Coat of arms

The main symbol of the coat of arms is the lion of the counts of Schwarzburg, who historically ruled most of the district. The lion holds a shield which contains the coat of arms of the Counts of Mansfeld, who owned the area around Artern in the 18th century. The three green hills in the bottom symbolize the mountainous landscape with many forest, the big wavy line stands for the river Unstrut, the small one for the Wipper river.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Artern
  2. Bad Frankenhausen
  3. Clingen¹
  4. Ebeleben
  5. Greußen¹
  6. Großenehrich
  7. Heldrungen¹
  8. Roßleben
  9. Sondershausen
  10. Wiehe
¹ inside a Verwaltungsgemeinschaft
  1. An der Schmücke
  2. Greußen
  3. Kyffhäuser
  4. Mittelzentrum Artern
    free municipalities
  1. Helbedündorf
  2. Schernberg

External links