The group was united by its abhorrence of Nazism and its desire to conceive of a new Germany after the fall of Hitler. The long meetings and discussions at Kreisau developed an image of a society to be, based on Christian values and on small communities, so as to avoid a manipulation of the whole of society like the one Hitler had achieved.
From 1943 onwards the focus of the group turned towards an active political coup. In January 1944 Moltke was arrested and the Kreisau Circle fell in disarray. Some members participated in the famous failed assassination attempt on the 20th of July 1944. After its failure many members of the Circle were arrested and executed, including Trott, Moltke, and Yorck.