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Kingdom of the Netherlands

The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of the Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.

The Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (from 1954, with amendments) determines which affairs are handled by the kingdom. The monarch of the Kingdom is also the monarch of the separate countries -- Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands and her legitimate heirs. The monarch heads the executive branch (regering) of the kingdom and each country individually. The monarch is represented by governors in the Netherland Antilles and Aruba. Other affairs of the kingdom are:

Other affairs are delegated to the national governments. The statute ended the colonial relationship between the Netherlands on the one side and the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname on the other side. On November 25, 1975 Suriname became independent of the Kingdom. Aruba obtained a separate status from the remainder of the Caribbean islands.

Each of the countries has its own document describing the foundation of its government:

Before 1954, the "Kingdom of the Netherlands" referred to the Netherlands and its colonial possessions. Before 1830 (formally, 1839) the United Kingdom of the Netherlands also included Belgium.

The highest point is Mount Scenery (862 m) on the small island of Saba, Netherlands Antilles.

Population densities, areas, populations

country pop. dens. area population
  (/kmē) (kmē) (2002-07-01 est.)
Netherlands 387 41,526 16,067,754
Aruba 365 193 70,441
Netherlands Antilles 223 960 214,258