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Extradition is the process by which a criminal suspect held by one government is handed over to another government for trial, or if the suspect has already been tried, to serve his or her sentence.

General considerations are that

Extradition is usually covered by a bilateral treaty which spells out the terms of an extradition, including the crimes for which people will be extradited. It is usually reciprocal in terms of conditions, but there are exceptions.

French law bars the government from extraditing French citizens. This is of course controversial in other countries whenever a French citizen commits a crime in that country and makes it back to France and safety.