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Jumping is a skill that most humans and many animals share to some degree. It is simply the process of getting ones body off the ground for a short time without using anything but ones own power, usually by propelling oneself upward via contraction and then forceful extension of the legs. One can jump up to reach something high, jump over a fence or ditch, or jump down, and it can be done while dancing and as a sport.

In athletics (track and field), a number of events are mainly based on jumping: