John SteinbeckJohn Ernst Steinbeck
- December 20
) was one of the most famous American novelists
of the 20th century
. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature
, though his popularity with readers never was matched by the literary critics.
He was born in Salinas, California, which acted as a setting for many of his stories. His novels are called as California novels or dust bowl fiction, referring to the era of dustbowl in American plains. He ahd a wide range of interests like jazz, politics, philosophy, history, and myth. For many he was just a pseudo intellectual, for many others, the authentic voice of Depression.
Steinbeck wrote in the naturalist/realist style, often about poor, working-class people. His most famous work, The Grapes of Wrath, tells the story of the Joads, a poor family from Oklahoma and their journey to and subsequent struggles in California. It is often understood as a novel in defense of the poor as against the rich. In 2001, the book would be listed as one of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century as selected by the editorial board of the American Modern Library.
East of Eden is probably Steinbeck's most substantial work. In it Steinbeck stops looking towards social injustice as the source of evil, and instead explores the roots of evil in human psychology.
Steinbeck received the Nobel prize for literature in 1962 for his “realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception.” He died in New York.
Many Steinbeck movies have music by Aaron Copland.
- Cup of Gold: A Life of Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer, With Occasional Reference to History 1929 ISBN 014018743X
- The Pastures of Heaven 1932
- The Red Pony 1933
- To A God Unknown 1933
- Tortilla Flat 1935
- In Dubious Battle 1936 The title is a reference to John Milton's "Paradise Lost".
- Of Mice and Men 1937 The title is a reference to the Robert Burns poem "To a Mouse".
- The Long Valley 1938
- The Grapes of Wrath 1939
- Forgotten Village 1941
- Sea of Cortez: A Leisurely Journal of Travel and Research 1941 with Edward F. Ricketts.
- The Moon Is Down 1942
- Bombs Away: The Story of a Bomber Team 1942
- Cannery Row 1945
- The Pearl 1947
- ''The Wayward Bus 1947
- A Russian Journal 1948 Robert Capa (Photographer)
- Burning Bright: A Play in Story Form 1950
- Log from the Sea of Cortez 1951
- East of Eden 1952
- Sweet Thursday 1954
- The Short Reign of Pippin IV 1957
- Once There Was A War 1958
- Winter of Our Discontent 1961 The title is a reference to the William Shakespeare play "King Richard the Third".
- Travels With Charley: In Search of America 1962 (a semi-documentary work about his late-life car trip, with his poodle Charley, around the United States.)
- America and Americans 1966
- Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Letters 1969
- Viva Zapata! the Original Screenplay 1975
- The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights 1976
- Working Days: The Journals of the Grapes of Wrath 1938-1941 1989
- The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath [newspaper articles, 1936]
- Jay Parini (1995), John Steinbeck: A Biography, Henry Holt & Co.