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Jiangxi (江西; former transliteration: Kiangsi) is a province of the People's Republic of China, located on the southern bank of the Yangtze River's lower and middle sections.

Province Abbreviation: 赣 (Gàn)
Capital Nanchang
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 17th
169,900 km²
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 14th
Administration Type Province

Table of contents
1 Administration
2 History
3 Geography
4 Economy
5 Demographics
6 Culture
7 Tourism
8 Miscellaneous topics
9 External links


As of November 2001, Jiangsi is divided into eleven zone-cities (设区市), equivalent of prefecture-level cities.

The above cities contain ten county-class cities, seventy counties, and nineteen city-administered districts.


In 202, under the reign of Emperor Gao of Han Dynasty, Yuzhang Commandry (豫章郡 yu4 zhang1 jun4) was created. It was named after Yuzhang River (豫章江), the original name of Gan River (贛江). "Gan" has became the abbreviation of the province. It governed eighteen districts (縣):

Under the reign of Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty (漢武帝), Yuzhang Commandry assigned to Yang Zhoubu (楊州部 yang2 zhou1 bu4).

In the first year of the Yuan'gang period (元康元年) of Western Jin Dynasty (291), it became Jiang Prefecture (江州), named after Xiang River.

In Sui Dynasty, there contained 7 commandries (郡) and 24 districts in Jiangxi. In Tang Dynasty, one additional commandry and 14 additional districts were added to Jiangxi.

Jiangnan West Circuit was named in 733, under the reign of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty (唐玄宗).

As a circuit, it has eight prefectures under it:

Six prefectures and four army districts (軍 jun) replaced the previous prefectures (with 55 districts (縣)) during the period of Five Dynasties, when Jiangxi first belonged to Wu (吳) Kingdom, then Southern Tang (唐) Kingdom.

In the Song Dynasty, Jiangnan West Circuit became two subcircuits (路 lu) -- Jiangnan West Lu (larger) and East Lu -- with nine prefectures and four army districts (with 68 districts).

In the Yuan Dynasty, the two subcircuits are separated into thirteen subcircuits and combined into Jiangxi Xing-Province (行省), which also included the majority of the modern Guangdong. And it formally became a province in the Qing Dynasty.

The Nanchang Uprising took place in Jiangxi on August 1, 1927, during the Chinese Civil War.

Chinese Soviet Republic's government located in Ruijin (瑞金), which is sometimes called the "Red-coloured Old Capital" (“红色故都”), or just the "Red Capital".


The 947-km Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway (浙赣铁路) connects Hangzhou and Zhuzhou (株洲), Hunan.


China production has been popular in Jingde Town (see below).


Jiangxi is 99% Han. Minorities include Hui and Zhuang.


Jiangxi is the birthplace of the Gan language-dialect, one of the Chinese languages.

Jingde Town has been nationally famous for its quality chinass.


Near the northern port city of Jiujiang (九江) is the resort area Lushan (卢山). This resort area has stunning scenery and also some historical interest. Sadly it is all too aware of its tourism suitability and, as a result, is a very expensive place to visit. Also near the city are Donglin (East Wood) Temple (东林寺) and Tiefo (Iron Buddha) Temple (铁佛寺), two important Buddhist temples.

Near the small city of Yingtan (鹰潭) is the resort area Longhushan (龙虎山) which purports to be the birthplace of Taoism (道教) and hence has great symbolic value to Taoists. The region has many interesting temples, cave complexes, mountains and villages. It is considered by many to be the best-kept secret of Jiangxi tourism.

The Lushan National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996.

Miscellaneous topics

Colleges and universities

External links