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Ivan III of Russia

Ivan III Vasilevich (Иван III Васильевич) (January 22, 1440 - October 27, 1505) also known as Ivan the Great ruled from 1462 - 1505. Ivan has been referred to as the "gatherer of the Russian lands". He subjugated a number of Russian territories, turned back the incursion of Lithuania into Russian lands and broke free Muscovy from the control of the Golden Horde.

His second wife Sophia, niece of the last Byzantine emperor, brought customs of the Byzantine court and more openness to European culture. The new political and religious position of Muscovy gave rise to the idea of Moscow as theThird Rome (Rome and Constantinople being the first and second).

Preceded by:
Vasili II
List of Russian Tsars Succeeded by:
Vasili III