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International Military Tribunal for the Far East

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (also referred to as the IMTFE, the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal, or the Tokyo Trial) was held to try the leaders of Japan for crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity committed during World War II.

It was presided over by a panel of 11 judges, one each from victorious Allied powers (United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Republic of China, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, and the Philippines). The prosecution was led by Joesph B. Keenan, an American.

The tribunal convened on May 3, 1946, and was adjourned on November 12, 1948.

Hideki Tojo takes the stand.

Table of contents
1 Sentences
2 See also
3 Further Reading
4 External links


There were 28 defendants tried, mostly military and political leaders. Two defendants (Matsuoka Yosuke and Nagano Osami) died of natural causes during the trial. Okawa Shumei had a nervous breakdown during the trial and was removed.

Seven others were sentenced to death by hanging for war crimes and crimes against humanity. They were executed at Sugamo Prison in Ikebukuro on December 23, 1948:

Sixteen more were senteced to life imprisonment. Three (Koiso, Shiratori, and Umezu) died in prison, while the other thirteen were paroled in 1955:

Two defendants received finite sentences. General Togo Shigenori died in prison in 1949, while foreign minister Shigemitsu Mamoru was paroled in 1950 and went on to serve in Prime Minister Hatoyama Ichiro's cabinet.

See also

Further Reading

External links