Humboldt Universitšt zu Berlin (the Humboldt University) is Berlin's oldest university, founded in 1810 by the liberal Prussian educational reformer and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt, it was re-named Friedrich-Wilhelm-Universitšt in 1828, and renamed again in 1949 in honour of von Humboldt.
The University has been home to many of Germany's greatest thinkers of the past two centuries, among them the subjective idealist philosopher J.G. Fichte, the theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, the absolute idealist philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, the Romantic legal theorist Savigny, the pessimist philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer, the objective idealist philosopher Friedrich Schelling, and famous physicists Albert Einstein and Max Planck. Founders of Marxist theory Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels attended the university, as did German unifier Otto von Bismarck.
The university is home to 29 Nobel Prize winners.