Helper T cell
) T cell
is a T cell
(a type of white blood cell
) which has on its surface antigen receptors that can bind to fragments of antigens displayed by the Class II MHC
molecules of infected somatic
Once bound to an antigen, the TH cell proliferates and differentiates into activated TH cells and memory TH cells.
- Activated TH cells secrete cytokines, proteins or peptides that stimulate other lymphocytes; the most common is interleukin-2 (IL-2), which helps B cells differentiate into plasma B cells.
- Memory TH cells are specific to the antigen they first encountered and can be called upon during the secondary immune response.
cells have present on the cell surface the protein CD4, which is attracted to portions of the Class II MHC molecule. This affinity keeps the TH
cell and the target cell bound closely together during antigen-specific activation. TH
cells with CD4 surface protein are called CD4+ T cells