The term hawk
refers to birds of prey
in any of three senses.
- Strictly, to mean any of the 48 species in the genus Accipiter which includes goshawks, sparrowhawks, the Sharp-shinned hawk and others. They are mainly woodland birds that hunt by sudden dashes from a concealed perch. They usually have long tails and high visual acuity.
- More generally, to mean small to medium-sized birds that are members of the Accipitridae, the family which includes the true hawks (Accipiters) and also eagles, kitess, harrierss, buzzards, and Old World vultures.
- Hunting hawks were housed in mews.
- Loosely, to mean almost any bird of prey.
The common names of birds in various parts of the world often use hawk
loosely. For example, in North America
, the buzzards (Buteo
) are often called "hawks".
Hawk is also a helicopter model manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation.
See: Hawk helicopter for more information or List of Hawk helicopter variations
for a list of the different model variations.
is also a political term for persons who are said to be aggressive, favor military solutions to problems, and are unbending and unforgiving to their nation's enemies. See also hawkish
See also Hawk-Dove game, peace movement, militarism
Hawk is also used to reference the BAE Hawk, a fast military jet trainer aircraft.