\'Giza (also sometimes rendered in English as Gizeh, Ghizeh and Geezeh
') is a town in Egypt
on the left bank of the Nile
river, across from the old city of Cairo
, and now part of the greater Cairo metropolis.
Giza is most famous as the location of some of the most impressive ancient monuments in the world, a complex of Ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred structures, including the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of other large pyramids and temples.
- Giza pyramids, view from South
- From left: Menkaure pyramid, Khafre pyramid, Great (Khufu) pyramid
The most active phase of construction here was in the 25th century BC
. These monuments are located some 5 miles inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile.
- 19th century tourists in front of the Sphinx
- View from South-East, Great Pyramid in background
The Ancient remains of Giza have attracted visitors and tourists since Classical Antiquity, when these Egyptian Old Kingdom monuments were already over 2,000 years old.