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This article is about the animal. See also Gazelle, California.
Scientific classification
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Gazella
G. bennettii - Indian
G. cuvieri - Cuvier's
G. dama - Dama
G. dorcas - Dorcas
G. gazella - Mountain
G. granti - Grant's
G. leptoceros - Rhim
G. rufifrons - Red-fronted
G. saudiya - Saudi
G. leptoceros - Slender-horned
G. soemmerringii - Soemmerring's
G. spekei - Speke's
G. subgutturosa - Goitered
G. thomsonii - Thomson's

A gazelle is an antelope of the genus Gazella. Gazelles are known as swift animals; they can reach speeds of up to 100 km/hour, and maintain speeds of 50 km/h for a long time. Gazelles are mostly found in the grasslands and savannas of Africa, but also in south-west Asia. They live in large herds and eat grass.

A stereotypical gazelle is Thomson's gazelle (Gazella thomsonii), which is around 60 to 90 cm in height at the shoulder and is coloured brown and white with a distinguishing black stripe (as in the picture on the right). The males have long, often curved, horns. Tommy's, as they are familiarly called, exhibit a distinctive behaviour of stotting (that is running slowly and jumping high before fleeing) when they are threatened by predators such as lions or cheetahs. This is a primary piece of evidence for the handicap theory advanced by Amotz Zahavi in the study of animal communication and behaviour.