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Foxes are small dog-like mammals in the Canidae family.

Red Fox

It includes the genus Vulpes and several others. V. vulpes is the world-wide Red Fox, often taken to be the fox.

Foxes are not pack-hunting animals, but are solitary hunters that encroach on each others' territories usually only during the mating season.

Foxes include members of the following genera:

The term fox does not include dogs, wolves, coyotes and jackals who are members of the genus Canis.

The red fox most commonly has red fur on its back and sides with white on the underside. However, it can also have black fur on its underside instead of white, or silver/grey fur on its back. These color variations can even happen within a single litter.

Red Fox, colour variation

In some countries foxes are a serious pest. In Australia, for example, feral Red Foxes are probably the single most harmful invasive animal, being responsible for more extinctions than even cats and rabbits. Ironically, certain varieties of fox in other parts of the world are an endangered species.

In Western culture, the fox is a familiar animal of folklore for cunning. The species is also a popular animal for furry characters.

In Japanese culture, the kitsune (Japanese for fox) is a powerful form of animal spirit that is highly mischievous and cunning.