Forty-oneFor the year A.D. 41, see 41.
Forty-one (41, LXI) is the natural number following forty and preceding forty-two.
Forty-one is the 13th smallest prime number. The next is forty-three, with which it comprises a twin prime. The number figures in the polynomial f(n) = n2 - n + 41, which yields primes for 0 < n < 41. Forty-one in the sum of two squares, 42 + 52, as well as the sum of the first six prime numbers, and also the sum of three primes (11 + 13 + 17).
Forty-one is also:
- The atomic number of niobium.
- In A Thousand and One Nights, the number of thieves accompanying Ali Baba.
- A number 'encoded' in a lot of the music of Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach may have considered this number a sort of signature, since given A = 1, B = 2, C = 3, etc., then B + A + C + H = 14 and J + S + B + A + C + H = 41.
- The code for direct dial international phone calls to Switzerland.