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First Nations of Canada

The First Nations people of Canada are made up of four main groups, excluding the Inuit in the North and Métis. Each of these main groups contained many tribes, each of which had adapted to their environments which were all slightly different. The four main groups were subdivided by the following geographic areas:

Table of contents
1 Pacific Coast Peoples
2 Plains Indians
3 Indians of the St. Lawrence
4 Indians of the North-East Woodlands
5 List of First Nations Groups

Pacific Coast Peoples

Among the largest tribes were the Haida, Nootka, and Salish. These people ate fish, primarily salmon from the ocean, as well as fish from lakes and rivers, and roots and berries. They made use of the forests of the Pacific to build dug-out canoes, and houses made of evenly-split planks of wood. They used tools made of stone and wood. The native peoples of the pacific coast also made glorious totem poles, a trait often attributed to other tribes as well.

Plains Indians

The plains included primarily the Sioux, Blackfoot, the Plains-Cree, and the Plains-Ojibwa. These people used tipis as their home, covered with skins. Their main sustenance was the buffalo, which they used as food, and for all their garments. Tribal leaders often wore large headdresses made of feathers, something which is wrongfully attributed to all first nations peoples.

Indians of the St. Lawrence

The largest group near the St. Lawrence waterway was the Iroquois. They included the Huron peoples of central Ontario and the League of Five Nations who lived in the United States, south of Lake Ontario.

Indians of the North-East Woodlands

These included the Algonquins, Mi'kmaqs in the Maritimes, the Innu in Quebec, and the Cree and Ojibwa in northern Ontario and Manitoba.

List of First Nations Groups

This is a list of Canada's First Nations.

Pacific Coast

Plains Indians

Northeast Woodlands

St. Lawrence

Arctic Canada

Note: The Inuit and Métis are not considered "First Nations", though they are included in the term "first peoples".
See also: Métis, Native American, Assembly of First Nations