|Table of contents|
2 Plains Indians
3 Indians of the St. Lawrence
4 Indians of the North-East Woodlands
5 List of First Nations Groups
Pacific Coast Peoples
Among the largest tribes were the Haida, Nootka, and Salish. These people ate fish, primarily salmon from the ocean, as well as fish from lakes and rivers, and roots and berries. They made use of the forests of the Pacific to build dug-out canoes, and houses made of evenly-split planks of wood. They used tools made of stone and wood. The native peoples of the pacific coast also made glorious totem poles, a trait often attributed to other tribes as well.
The plains included primarily the Sioux, Blackfoot, the Plains-Cree, and the Plains-Ojibwa. These people used tipis as their home, covered with skins. Their main sustenance was the buffalo, which they used as food, and for all their garments. Tribal leaders often wore large headdresses made of feathers, something which is wrongfully attributed to all first nations peoples.
Indians of the St. Lawrence
The largest group near the St. Lawrence waterway was the Iroquois. They included the Huron peoples of central Ontario and the League of Five Nations who lived in the United States, south of Lake Ontario.
List of First Nations Groups
Note: The Inuit and Métis are not considered "First Nations", though they are included in the term "first peoples".