Information about the Protodynastic Period depends upon a few monuments and other objects bearing royal names, the most important being the Narmer Palette. No detailed records of the first two dynasties have survived, and it is likely no such records ever existed. This period was a developmental stage for writing as we know it.
Large tombs for Kings at Abydos, Neqada and Saqqara in addition to cemeteries at Helouan near Memphis, reveal structures built largely of wood and mud bricks. with some small use of stone for walls and floors. Stone was used in quantity for the manufacture of ornaments, vessels and occasionally statues.
|Hor-Aha||Menes in earlier lists||c. 3050 BCE|
|Merneith||Regent for Djet||-|
|Den||-||14 to 20 years|
|Semerkhet||-||9 to 18 years|
See also: Pharaoh