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Equatoria was a province of Egypt, located in the extreme south of present-day Sudan along the upper reaches of the White Nile. It was an idealistic effort to create a model state in the interior of Africa that never consisted of more than a handful of adventurers and soldiers in isolated outposts.

Equatoria was established by Samuel Baker in 1870.

Charles Gordon took over as Governor in 1874, followed by Emin Pasha in 1878. The Mahdist Revolt of the 1880s finally put an end to the pretense, and Equatoria ceased to exist in 1889.

Important settlements in Equatoria included Lado, Gondokoro, and Wadelai.