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Emperor Ling of Han China

zh-cn:漢灵帝 zh-tw:漢靈帝

Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese).

Emperor Ling of Han China, trad. ch 漢靈帝;, sim. ch 漢灵帝, py. hàn líng dì, wg. Han Ling-ti, (156-189) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty. He was a great-great-grandson of Emperor Zhang. The Yellow Turban Rebellion broke out during his reign.

Personal information

Family name Liu (劉 liú) in Chinese
Given name Hong (宏 py. hóng)
Era name Jianning (建寧 py. jìan níng) 168-172
Xiping (熹平 py. xī píng) 172-178
Guanghe (光和 py. gūang hé) 178-184
Zhongping (中平 py. zhōng píng) 184-189
Father Liu Chang, Marquess of the "Jiedu Pavilion" (ch. 解渎亭侯苌)
Mother consort Dong
Wife 1) empress Song
2) empress He, then Empress Dowager He, sister of He Jin
Major concubines consort Wang
Children 1) crown prince Liu Bian by empress dowager He, then Prince or King of Hongnong (ch. Hongnong wang) after desposed by Dong Zhuo
2) Liu Xie by consort Wang, Prince of Chenliu (ch. Chenliu wang), then Emperor Xian of Han China
Duration of reign 168 to 189
Temple name
Courtesy name
Posthumous name 孝靈 (py. xiào zhí), literary meaning: "filial and agile"
Posthumous name in short 靈 (py. líng) , literary meaning: "agile"

Preceded by:
Emperor Huan of Han China
Eastern Han Dynasty Succeeded by:
King of Hongnong of Han China