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Douglas DC-9

The Douglas DC-9 is a twin engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names, still in production today.

MD-88 of Iberia.

Douglas launched the DC-9 development project in April 1963, intending the DC-9 as a short-range compliment to their larger four engined DC-8. Unlike the competing but slightly larger Boeing 727, which used as many 707 components as possible, the DC-9 was an all-new design, using two rear-mounted Pratt & Whitney JT8D fanjet engines, a small, highly efficient wing, and a T-tail. The original version had five abreast seating for 70 to 90.

The DC-9 prototype flew in February 1965 and entered service with Delta in December of that year. It was an immediate commercial success, and 976 were built by Douglas and then the merged McDonnell Douglas (MDC) before it was renamed MD-80 in 1983. The MD-80 was developed into the MD-90 family which, after the takeover of MDC by Boeing in 1997, became the Boeing 717.

With total sales of over 2400 units, the long-lived DC-9 family is one of the most successful jet airliners ever made, ranking third behind the Boeing 737 (over 5100) and Airbus A320 family (just under 3000).

DC-9 Models