In mathematics, a **divisor** of an integer *n*, also called a **factor** of *n*, is an integer which evenly divides *n* without leaving a remainder. For example, 7 is a divisor of 42 because 42/7 = 6. We also say *42 is divisible by 7* or

Some special cases: 1 and -1 are divisors of every integer, and every integer is a divisor of 0. Numbers divisible by 2 are called even and those that are not are called odd.

Table of contents |

2 Further notions and facts 3 Generalization 4 Divisors in Algebraic Geometry 5 See also |

- a number is divisible by 2 iff the last digit is divisible by 2
- a number is divisible by 3 iff the sum of its digits is divisible by 3
- a number is divisible by 4 iff the number given by the last two digits is divisible by 4
- a number is divisible by 5 iff the last digit is 0 or 5
- a number is divisible by 6 iff it is divisible by 2 and by 3
- a number is divisible by 8 iff the number given by the last three digits is divisible by 8
- a number is divisible by 9 iff the sum of its digits is divisible by 9
- a number is divisible by 10 iff the last digit is 0
- a number is divisible by 11 iff the alternating sum of its digits is divisible by 11 (e.g. 182919 is divisible by 11 since 1-8+2-9+1-9 = -22 is divisible by 11)

A positive divisor of *n* which is different from *n* is called a *proper divisor*. An integer *n* > 1 whose only proper divisor is 1 is called a prime number.

Any positive divisor of *n* is a product of prime divisors of *n* raised to some power. This is a consequence of the Fundamental theorem of arithmetic.

The total number of positive divisors of *n* is a multiplicative function *d*(*n*) (e.g. *d*(42)=8).
The sum of the positive divisors of *n* is another multiplicative function σ(*n*) (e.g. σ(42)=96).

The relation | of divisibility turns the set **N** of non-negative integers into a partially ordered set, in fact into a complete distributive lattice. The largest element of this lattice is 0 and the smallest one is 1. The meet operation ^ is given by the greatest common divisor and the join operation v by the least common multiple. This lattice is isomorphic to the dual of the lattice of subgroups of the infinite cyclic group **Z**.

One can talk about the concept of divisibility in any integral domain. Please see that article for the definitions in that setting.

In algebraic geometry, the word "divisor" is used to mean something rather different. Divisors are a generalization of subvarieties of algebraic varieties; two different generalizations are in common use, Cartier divisors and Weil divisors. The concepts agree on nonsingular varieties over algebraically closed fields. Any Weil divisor is a locally finite linear combination of irreducible subvarieties of codimension one. To every Cartier divisor **D** there is an associated line bundle denoted by **[D]**, and the sum of divisors corresponds to tensor product of line bundles.

- Table of prime factors -- A table of prime factors for 1-1000
- Table of divisors -- A table of prime and non-prime divisors for 1-1000