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Croatian Parliament

The parliament of Croatia is called Hrvatski Sabor in Croatian - the word sabor means an assembly, a gathering, a congress. According to the Constitution, it is a representative body of the people and is vested with the legislative power in the Republic of Croatia.

The Croatian Parliament has between 100 and 160 members, elected on the basis of direct universal and equal suffrage by secret ballot, for a term of 4 years. Members' mandate can be extended only during a war. Most representatives come from the Croatian counties, while there are also some minority and diaspora seats.

Currently there are 152 representatives, a president (sometimes translated as Speaker or Chairman) and a minimum of one deputy president (usually four or five). 140 members are from the counties, 8 from the minorities and 4 from abroad.

Table of contents
1 Powers of the Parliament
2 Historic background
3 List of Presidents (Speakers) of the Parliament
4 See also
5 External links

Powers of the Parliament

The Croatian Parliament (Sabor):

The Croatian Parliament (Sabor) makes decisions by a majority votes provided that a majority of representatives are present at the session.

Laws which regulate the rights of national minorities, decision of crossing the borders or acting over the borders by the armed forces, altering the borders are passed by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority vote of all representatives.

Laws which elaborate the constitutionally defined human rights and fundamental freedoms, the electoral system, the organization, authority and operation of government bodies and the organization and authority of local and regional self-government are passed by the Croatian Parliament by a majority vote of all representatives.

Each representative of the Croatian Parliament, the parliamentary clubs of representatives and the working bodies of the Croatian Parliament, and the Government of the Republic of Croatia have the right to propose laws.

Members of the Croatian Parliament have the right to ask the Government of the Republic of Croatia and individual ministers questions.

At least one tenth of the representatives of the Croatian Parliament may submit an interpellation on the operation of the Government of the Republic of Croatia or some of its individual members.

The Croatian Parliament may form commissions of inquiry regarding any issue of public interest.

Historic background

The Croat nobles agreed to form two Croatian states after settling in the Illyrian territory in the 7th century AD, after the great migration of the Slavs. Their meeting and agreement over the issues important for the people is considered the foundation of Croatian parliament. Croatian counts and dukes later established a country and elected a king among themselves in the 9th and 10th century, but the legend says that they always made decisions as a group.

After Croatia joined the Hungarian state in 1102, these nobles formed a real parliament and their decisions had significant influence in the state politics. In fact, when the country lost its leader after the Battle of Mohacs in 1527 when king Louis II died, the Croats chose to join the Habsburgs instead of a new king with the Hungarians.

In 1712, the Croatian Parliament decided on the so called pragmatic sanction, thus taking the side of the Maria Theresa, supporting her to become a queen of the Habsburg monarchy (previously no woman was allowed to rule the country without a king, that is, a man).

In 1848 Sabor decided to renew some of the country autonomy by exerting its power to all of the old Croatian regions and having a "ban" govern them. In 1868 they made a bargain with the Hungarians to make stronger ties between the countries.

In 1918 the Parliament decided to split off Croatia from Austria-Hungary (like did all the other parts of the monarchy), and join the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The country entered the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes soon after, though this was never sanctioned by Sabor, which was decomissioned.

The post-WWII parliament developed from the council of anti-fascists formed in 1943. It functioned as the Parliament of the Socialist Republic of Croatia (as a part of Yugoslavia), until 1990 when Croatia regained full independence.

List of Presidents (Speakers) of the Parliament

Since Croatian independence which was proclaimed on June 25, 1991 and entered in force fully on December 8, 1991.

  1. Žarko Domljan (May 30, 1990 - September 7, 1992)
  2. Stjepan Mesić (September 7, 1992 - May 24, 1994)
  3. Nedjeljko Mihanović (May 24, 1994 - November 28, 1995)
  4. Vlatko Pavletić (November 28, 1995 - February 2, 2000)
  5. Zlatko Tomčić (February 2, 2000 - December 22, 2003)
  6. Vladimir Šeks (December 22, 2003-)

See also

External links