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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India was passed by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949 and is fully applicable since January 26, 1950, which is celebrated as Republic Day in India. The draft constitution was prepared by a 8 person committee, led by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

The Constitution of India is modelled on the British Constitution, with the major exception that it is a written constitution. A review of the constitution is taken very seriously, and needs at least two-thirds of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passing it.

Table of contents
1 Preamble
2 Fundamental Rights
3 Fundamental Duties


We, the people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens : JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; In our constituent assembly this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby adopt, enact and give to ourselves this constitution.

Fundamental Rights

Right to Equality

Right to Freedom

Right against Exploitation

Right to Freedom of Religion

Cultural and Educational Right

Right to Constitutional Remedies

Fundamental Duties

To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;

To cherish and follow the noble ideas which inspired our national struggle for freedom;

To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;

To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities;to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;

To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;

To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;

To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of enquiry and reform;

To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;

To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.