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Connate fluids

The term connate fluids in the context of geology, and of sedimentology in particular, refers to the liquids that fill the pore-space of sedimentary rocks. These liquids are largely composed of water, but also contain many minerals in solution.

As rocks are buried, they undergo lithification and the connate fluids are expelled. If the escape route for these fluids is blocked, the pore fluid pressure can build up, leading to overpressure.


An understanding of the geochemistry of connate fluids is important if the diagenesis of the rock is to be quantified. The solutes in the connate fluids often precipitate and reduce the porosity and permeability of the host rock, which can have important implications for its hydrocarbon prospectivity. The chemical components of the connate fluid can also yield information on the provenance of aquifers and of the thermal history of the host rock.

See also: petroleum geology.