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Combat engineering

A combat engineer is a military specialist in using the tools and techniques of engineering under combat conditions.

In Ancient times, combat engineers were responsible for siege warfare and building field fortifications, temporary camps and roads. The best engineers of the ancient times were probably the Romans, who constructed hugh siege-machines (catapults, battering rams and siege towers) as well as constructing fortified wooden camps and paved roads for their legions.

In the Middle Ages combat engineers focused mainly on siege warfare. They planned castles and fortresses. When laying a siege, they planned and oversaw the efforts to penetrate through the castle's defences. When the first cannons appeared, combat engineers were responsible for maintaining the cannons while planning counter-artillery fortifications.

In the United States Army, the three tasks of the combat engineer are mobility, countermobility, and survivability.

Plastic explosives are heavily used in combat engineering, which also includes explosive ordinance disposal.

In the Israeli Defence Forces the Combat Engineering Corps have several roles beside those who written above: