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Charlottesville, Virginia

Charlottesville is an independent city located within the confines of Albemarle County in the State of Virginia. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 45,049. It is the county seat of Albemarle County6.

Geography and History

Charlottesville is located along the Rivanna River, a tributary of the
James, just west of the Southwest Mountains which parallel the Blue Ridge about 20 miles to the West. It was formed by charter in 1762 along a trade route called Three Notched Road (present day US 250) which led from Richmond to the Great Valley. Other major highways through Charlottesville are US 29, from Washington, D.C to Danville, Virginia, and I-64 which parallels US 250 in the vicinity of Charlottesville. Nearby, Monticello, the plantation manor of Thomas Jefferson is a popular tourist attraction. Located within Charlottesville is the University of Virginia which was designed by Thomas Jefferson. During the American Civil War several battles took place in Charlottesville including the Battle of Rio Hill.

John Mosby and Meriwether Lewis, were both born in Charlottesville, and Edgar Allen Poe lived in the city while attending the University of Virginia. Also, William McGuffey lived in Charlottesville while serving as a professor at the University. Dave Matthews was a bartender in a Charlottesville jazz club when he formed the Dave Matthews Band.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.6 km² (10.3 mi²). None of the area is covered with water.


As of the census of 2000, there are 45,049 people, 16,851 households, and 7,633 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,695.3/km² (4,389.7/mi²). There are 17,591 housing units at an average density of 662.0/km² (1,714.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 69.56% White, 22.22% African American, 0.11% Native American, 4.93% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. 2.45% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 16,851 households out of which 20.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% are married couples living together, 13.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 54.7% are non-families. 34.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.27 and the average family size is 2.85.

The age distribution, strongly influenced by the University of Virginia, is: 15.2% under the age of 18, 33.8% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 15.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females there are 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $31,007, and the median income for a family is $45,110. Males have a median income of $31,197 versus $26,458 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,973. 25.9% of the population and 12.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 20.8% are under the age of 18 and 7.2% are 65 or older.

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