In 1994, militant Jewish fundamentalist Baruch Goldstein killed 29 Palestinians at the site. Jews praying there have also been subject to numerous attacks, the most prominent among them being the 1929 Hebron Massacre, a pogrom in which Arab rioters killed 67 Jews throughout the city. The Wye River Accords provided a temporary status agreement for the site and Hebron itself.
Since the eruption of the recent Intifada, the site has been the subject of many attacks, directed towards Jews in prayer. Subsequently the IDF has surrounded the site with soldiers and forbidden Palestinians from entering the area.