; from Arabic
: "shaking off") is the popular name for two recent campaigns by the Palestinians
. It is one of the most significant aspects in recent years of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Both intifadas started as campaigns of civil disobedience by the Palestinians and escalated into a tit-for-tat cycle of violent reprisals and counter reprisals between Israelis and Palestinians.
The first Intifada began in 1987, with a decrease in violence in 1991 and a more complete end with the signing of the Oslo accords (August 1993) and the creation of the Palestinian Authority. The second intifada, which has come to be called the al-Aqsa Intifada, began in September 2000.