Carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance
In computer networking
, Carrier Sense Multiple Access With Collision Avoidance
) is a network
in which (a) a carrier
sensing scheme is used, (b) a data
station that intends to transmit sends a jam signal
, (c) after waiting a sufficient time
for all stations to receive the jam signal, the data station transmits a frame
, and (d) while transmitting, if the data station detects a jam signal from another station, it stops transmitting for a random time and then tries again.
CSMA/CA is a modification of pure Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA). Please visit this article for a complete description of the basic protocol.
Collision avoidance is used to improve the performance of CSMA by attempting to reserve the network for a single transmitter. This is the function of the "jamming signal" in CSMA/CA. The performance improvement is achieved by reducing the probability of collision and retry. Extra overhead is added due to the jamming signal wait time, so other techniques give better performance. Collision avoidance is particularly useful in media such as radio, where reliable collision detection is not possible.
- AppleTalk implemented CSMA/CA on an electrical bus using a three-byte jamming signal.
- 802.11 RTS/CTS implements CSMA/CA using short Request to Send and Clear to Send messages.
Compare use of the jamming signal in Carrier sense multiple access with collision detection
), which uses another technique to improve CSMA
Source: derived in part from Federal Standard 1037C