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Bulacan is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Malolos City. Bulacan is located immediately north of Metro Manila. Bordering Bulacan are the provinces of Pampanga to the west, Nueva Ecija to the north, Aurora and Quezon to the east, and Rizal to the south. Bulacan also lies on the northern shore of Manila Bay.

Bulacan figures prominently in Philippine History. Many national heroes and political figures were born in Bulacan. The province was also one of the first to revolt against Spain. However, Bulacan is most noted for being the capital of the first Philippine Republic in the town of Malolos as well as its Malolos Constitution.

Province of Bulacan

Region: Central Luzon (Region III)
Capital: Malolos City
2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest).
Density—851 per km² (5th highest).
Area: 2,625.0 km² (29th smallest)
Component cities—2.
Congressional districts—4.
Languages: Tagalog, Kapampangan
Governor: Josefina M. Dela Cruz (2001-2004)

Table of contents
1 People and Culture
2 Economy
3 Geography
4 History
5 Tourist Attractions
6 External Links

People and Culture

Population. According to the May 2000 census, there are a total of 2,234,088 Bulakeños, making Bulacan the fourth most populous province in the country. It is also the fifth most densely populated province at 851 people per square kilometer. There are 463,886 households in the province with an average size of 4.81 persons, significantly lower than the national average of 4.99.

Languages. Tagalog is the predominant language of Bulacan because of its proximity to Manila. Inhabitants also speak Kapampangan, which is the language of neighboring Pampanga.


Industries. The province of Bulacan is steadily becoming industrialized due to its proximity to Metro Manila. Many corporations put up industrial plants and site in Bulacan. Some of the industries include leather tanning, cement bag making, fireworks manufacturing, ceramics, textiles, food processing, and shoe manufacturing.

Agriculture. The rural areas still mostly depend on agriculture as a source of income. Some of the major crops are rice, corn, vegetables, and fruits such as mangoes.

Transportation. Bulacan is linked with Metro Manila primarily through the North Luzon Expressway, which crosses the province into Pampanga.



Bulacan is subdivided into 22 municipalities and 2 cities.



  • Angat
  • Balagtas (Bigaa)
  • Baliuag
  • Bocaue
  • Bulacan
  • Bustos
  • Calumpit
  • Doña Remedios Trinidad
  • Guiguinto
  • Hagonoy
  • Marilao
  • Meycauayan
  • Norzagaray
  • Obando
  • Pandi
  • Paombong
  • Plaridel
  • Pulilan
  • San Ildefonso
  • San Miguel
  • San Rafael
  • Santa Maria


Terrain. Bulacan lies in the southern portion of the fertile plains of Central Luzon. The area is drained by the Angat and Pampanga rivers. The Sierra Madre mountain range forms the highlands of Bulacan in the east. Angat Lake, which was formed by the Angat Dam is located in that area. The highest point in the province at 1170 meters is Mount Oriol, part of the Sierra Madre.

Climate. November to April is generally dry while wet for the rest of the year. The northeast monsoon (amihan) prevails from October to January bringing in moderated and light rains. From February to April, the east trade winds predominate but the Sierra Madre (Philippines) mountain range to the east disrupts the winds resulting to a dry period. From May to September, the southwest monsoon (habagat) prevails and the period is characterized by numerous storms and typhoon.

The hottest month is May having an average temperature of 29.7°C while the coldest is February with an average temperature of 18.1°C.



Tourist Attractions

Barasoain Church in Malolos was the site of the congress which drafted the first Philippine Constitution and established the first Philippine Republic.

Festivals. Bocaue River Festival. Obando Festival. Carabao Festival.

External Links

Central Luzon: Aurora | Bataan | Bulacan | Nueva Ecija | Pampanga | Tarlac | Zambales