(population 390,000, German
) is the second largest town of the Czech Republic
, located in the southeast of the country, at the confluence of the Svitava
Brno was found in 1243. It had been used as a fort until the 19th century. The city is a political and a cultural hub of the South Moravian Region.
Soon after the Industrial revolution, the town became one of the industrial centres of Austria. Since the end of the First World War, Brno has belonged to Czechoslovakia and then to the independent Czech Republic. Sometimes it is called the Czech Manchester, because even nowdays there are several world-wide known factories.
Villa Tugendhat, built in the 1920s close to the centre of the city, is known as a monument of modern architecture, and was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2002.
Famous Masaryk Circuit is located in the northwest of the town.
An unique dialect, called hantec, is spoken in Brno.
View of the Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul (Petrov)