Bozen (German) or Bolzano (Italian) is a city in the Trentino-South Tyrol region of Italy; its 2001 population was 94,989, and the area of the commune is 52.33 sq. km. It is the capital of the German speaking autonomous province of Bozen-Südtirol or Bolzano-Alto Adige (see South Tyrol), officially bilingual. The province covers an area of 7,400 sq. km, with 116 communes and 462,999 inhabitants (2001 census). The province recorded a population gain of 5,1% from 1991 to 2001.
The province is almost completely mountainous, and is extended on the Adige (German, Etsch) valley north of the town of Salurn; other important rivers are Eisack (It., Isarco), forming Eisacktal (It., val d'Isarco) and Rienz (It., Rienza), that flows in Pustertal (It., val Pusteria). The easternmost part of the province belongs to the Drava (German, Drau) basin, tributary of the Danube.
Other important cities are Brixen (Bressanone), Bruneck (Brunico) and Meran (Merano).