is the largest city (pop. 286,000 in 2001) in north-eastern Poland
and the capital of Podlasie Voivodship
since 1999, previously of Bialystok Voivodship
(1921-1998). The city is somewhat famous as the birthplace of L. L. Zamenhof
, creator of Esperanto
"Max Bialystok" is one of the lead character's in Mel Brooks' farce The Producers.