Battle of Guadalete
The Battle of Guadalete
took place July 19
at the Guadalete River
in the extreme south of the Iberian peninsula
. It represented a decisive defeat for the Visigothic
king Roderic (or Rodrigo), who was killed, and a decisive victory for the Moslem
forces that defeated him, 7000 Berbers
led by Tariq ibn Ziyab. The governor of Northern Africa, Musa ibn Nusayr, who had sent Tariq, followed the next year with an army of 18,000. The Moors
proceeded to conquer most of the Iberian peninsula within the next five years.
Pelayo of Asturias escaped the defeat and went on to found the Kingdom of Asturias, resisting Moslem overlordship from the northwest corner of the peninsula.