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Australasia ecozone

The Australasian ecozone is Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia east of Java, Bali and Borneo. New Zealand is a distinctive sub-region of this zone.

The division from the Indomalayan ecozone is the Wallace Line, named after the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace who identified the differences between the islands either side of the line.

From a biological point of view, Australasia is a distinct region with a common evolutionary history and a great many unique plants and animals, some of them common to the entire area, others specific to particular parts but sharing a common ancestory.

There are 13 endemic bird families including emus, cassowaries, kiwis, kagu, cockatoos, bird-of-paradise, and honeyeaters

See also: Australasia, List of Australasia ecoregions

External link :

Map of the ecozones


Nearctic | Palearctic | Afrotropic | Indomalaya | Australasia ecozone | Neotropic | Oceania | Antarctic

Australasia biomes

Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests | Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests | Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests | Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands | Temperate Coniferous Forests | Boreal Forests/Taiga | Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands | Montane Grasslands and Shrublands | Tundra | Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Shrub | Deserts and Xeric Shrublands | Mangrove