is the name of a Native American
people, also known as the Athabasca Indians
, and of their language family. Eyak and Athabascan form a language group called Eyak-Athabascan. Tlingit
is said to be related to this grroup to form the language family called Na-Dene
by linguists. Haida
was once thought to have been a member of Na-Dene
, but most linguists dispute this today.
Below is a list of all of the Athabascan languages and their geographic location. The Apachean languages are spoken in the American Southwest, Texas, and Oklahoma.
- Canada: Tahltan, Kaska, Tagish, Beaver, Sekani, Carrier, Chilcotin, Babine, Wet'suwet'en, Gwich'in (Kutchin), Han, Chipewyan, Yellowknife, Sarsi (Sarcee), Dogrib, Hare, Mountain, Bearlake, Slavey, Northern Tutchone, Southern Tutchone, Tsetsaut,
- Alaska: Degexit'an (Ingalik), Koyukon, Holikachuk, Tanaina, Ahtena, Upper Kuskokwim (Kolchan), Upper Tanana, Middle Tanana, Lower Tanana, Tanacross
- Northern California: Hupa, Tsnungwe, Chilula, Whilkut, Mattole, Bear River, Wailaki, Kato, Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone, Wailaki
- Oregon: Upper Umpqua, Coquille (Upper Coquille), Kwatami, Chastacosta, Galice, Applegate, Upper Illinois, Chetco, Tolowa, Tututni, Kwalhioqua, Clatskanie (Tlatskanie)
- Apachean: Kiowa-Apache (Naisha), Navajo, San Carlos, White Mountain, Cibecue, Northern Tonto, South Tonto, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Chiricahua