According to Francis Barrett, Astaroth is the prince of accusers and inquisitors. According to some demonologists of the XVIth. Century, August is the month during which this demon's attacks against humans are stronger. His name seems to be a corruption of that of the goddess Aphtoreth, Astoreth or Astarte; anyhow, it is some confusion concerning the origin of the name, because meanwhile Astoreth is used by some authors as a dialectal ancient Phoenician spelling for Astarte, in some biblical translations is mentioned a deity named Astoreth (see Asherah) depicted as a bull, which in the Biblia Vulgata is mentioned as Astaroth with no depiction; both Astarte and the bull (used to depict Baal, her husband) were symbols of fertility and to both were offered human sacrifices; it is known that with the advent of monotheistic Judaism and then Christianity the ancient gods/goddesses became "demons".
Other spellings: Astarot, Ashtaroth.