|Appearance||white crystalline powder|
|Melting point||338C (640F) sublimes|
|Boiling point||520C (968F)|
|Solubility||29.7g/100g water @ 0C|
|S0gas, 1 bar||J/mol·K|
|S0liquid, 1 bar||J/mol·K|
|More info||[ Hazardous Chemical Database]|
Ammonium Chloride or Sal Ammoniac (chemically ammonium chloride (NH4Cl); also \zalmiak, sal armagnac) is, in its pure form, a clear white crystalline salt. Historically it was considered one of the four alchemical "spirits". In modern times it found use as an electrolyte for batteries, as cough medicine flavoring to hide the taste of some medicines, and as a fluid retentative agent.
Sal Ammoniac was named after it was observed in the Temple of Zeus-Ammon in Egypt; its name means "salt of Ammon". It was the white crystaline substance that remained on the ceiling and walls after camel dung was burned. The modern name "ammonium" comes from Sal Ammoniac.
An industrial byproduct, in several countries sal ammoniac is used to spice up liquorice-type dark candies, and as a flavoring for vodkas. It is sold in blocks at hardware stores for use in cleaning the tip of a soldering iron.